Professor Alexander Marr FSA
Historian of Renaissance and Early Modern Art
I am Professor of Renaissance and Early Modern Art
at the University of Cambridge
and a Fellow of Trinity Hall, where I am Dean of Discipline.
Before coming to Cambridge in 2012, I was Lecturer in Art History at the University of St Andrews and Associate Professor of Art History at the
University of Southern California.
I studied at Sotheby's Institute of Art in London and the University of Oxford (MSt and DPhil in Modern History, New College), where I was Clifford Norton Fellow Commoner in the History of Science at
The Queen's College.
My research is on the artistic and intellectual culture of Europe, ca. 1400-ca. 1800.
I study paintings, prints and drawings; the sciences; languages and literature; the history of books and reading; artistic theory; architecture and landscape; patronage and society. I work on Italy, France, Germany, the Netherlands, and England.
My work has been supported by awards from the British Academy, the Leverhulme Trust (Philip Levehulme Prize, 2008), the AHRC, and the ERC (Consolidator Grant, 2014). In 2011, I was Robert H. Smith Scholar in Residence for Renaissance Sculpture in Context at the V&A. In 2022-23 I will hold a Senior Fellowship at the Paul Mellon Centre for Studies in British Art, to complete my monograph on Hans Holbein the Younger.
Some of my current research topics are:
Hans Holbein the Younger
I'm currently writing a monograph called Holbein's Wit, which will examine the artist's oeuvre in relation to ingenuity, wordplay (especially puns), "character", and the enterprise of mimesis. The book is set within the context of the serio ludere (serious play) of Holbein's humanist patrons, Erasmus and Thomas More. Beginning with Holbein's early years in Basel, where he made astonishingly ingenious designs for trompe l'oeil murals, it goes on to consider the portraits he made during his first visit to England (liberty and facetiae in the Portrait of Thomas More, erotic puns in Lady with a Squirrel and a Starling). There will be a chapter on Holbein's "Steelyard" portraits, tackling selfhood and vanity in the Portrait of Georg Gisze, presence and parentage in the Portrait of Dirck Tybis. The book concludes with a new interpretation of Holbein's masterpiece, The Ambassadors, as the acme of visual wit.
My monographs have been published by University of Chicago Press, University of Pittsburgh Press, and Reaktion. My articles have appeared in journals such as The Art Bulletin, Renaissance Quarterly, The Burlington Magazine, Word & Image, Print Quarterly, and the Nederlands Kunsthistorisch Jaarboek.
You can find out more about my published books and articles in the pages below.
A full list of my publications is available here.
My latest monograph, Rubens's Spirit: From Ingenuity to Genius, was recently published by Reaktion Books.
My next book--Holbein's Wit--will be a study of Hans Holbein the Younger in relation to ingenious wordplay, "character" and the enterprise of mimesis.
Rubens's Spirit: From Ingenuity to Genius
Reaktion Books, 2021
Peter Paul Rubens was the most inventive and prolific northern European artist of his age. This book charts his life and work in relation to three interrelated themes: spirit, ingenuity, and genius. It argues that Rubens and his reception were pivotal in the transformation of early modern ingenuity into Romantic genius. The first chapter, "Holy Spirit", considers Rubens's early religious altarpieces. The second, "Vive l'esprit", explores the ingenious milieu in which he lived and worked: early modern Antwerp. Chapter Three, "Vital Spirits", examines his mythological painting in relation to medicine, the body and imitation. Chapter Four, "Genial Painting", turns to his Bacchic works and the spirit of pleasure. The book concludes with "Genius Loci": Rubens's late landscapes and the spirit of the place.
"Packed with original insights...an important contribution to the literature.
...It is the writing itself that counts the most – and which makes this book enjoyable from cover to cover."
Historians of Netherlandish Art Reviews
"A beautifully written, subtle analysis of the prodigious creativity that informed and permeated
the work of this most versatile artist."
"Few introductory texts to Rubens have presented so much original research, and none move with such ease from subjects like seventeenth-century dietetics and optical theory to the implications of Rubens’s representations of male and female figures for issues of gender. A moving and beautifully written account of
the astonishingly diverse aspects of Rubens’s art and life."
Logodaedalus: Word Histories of Ingenuity in Early Modern Europe
University of Pittsburgh Press, 2018
Co-authored with Raphaële Garrod, José Ramón Marcaida, Richard J. Oosterhoff
Before Romantic genius, there was ingenuity. Logodaedalus, a prehistory of genius, explores the various ways the language of ingenuity was defined, used, and manipulated between 1470 and 1750. By analyzing printed dictionaries and other lexical works across a range of languages—Latin, Italian, Spanish, French, English, German, and Dutch—we reveal the ways in which significant words produced meaning in history and found expression in natural philosophy, medicine, natural history, mathematics, mechanics, poetics, and artistic theory.
"The book might almost be a Republic of Letters in microcosm."
"Logodaedalus is a book no student of early modern cultural history will have an excuse to miss...it succeeds in guiding us confidently through an incredibly broad and intricate panorama of early modern thought."
"Logodaedalus is a cunning and vast example of how the study of a single theme…can lead scholars into unexpected and incredibly enlightening directions, overturning assumed knowledge in some areas while providing important nuance to others. It is a well-conceived and ingenious study that is exemplary, really, from beginning to end."
"This book is a significant contribution to comparative
lexicography and cultural studies, and demonstrates how close attention to a cluster of words can
improve the historical and linguistic understanding of the early modern period."
Forum for Linguistic Studies
"A model for this type of investigation."
Between Raphael and Galileo:
Mutio Oddi and the Mathematical Culture of Late Renaissance Italy
University of Chicago Press, 2011
An interdisciplinary study of art and science, this book resurrects the career and achievements of Mutio Oddi of Urbino (1569–1639). Plunging the reader into Oddi’s world, Between Raphael and Galileo is a finely wrought and meticulously researched tale of mathematical images, objects, commerce, and society in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth century.
"Interdisciplinary scholarship of this depth is the closest thing we have to time travel"
“This beautifully written and elegantly executed book on Oddi’s life and work navigates several fields: history of science, history of art, intellectual history, visual studies, and material culture.”
Ingenuity in the Making: Matter and Technique in Early Modern Europe
University of Pittsburgh Press, 2021
Edited with Richard J. Oosterhoff and José Ramón Marcaida
This volume of essays explores the myriad ways in which ingenuity shaped the experience, discourse and conceptualization of materials and their manipulation in early modern Europe. Contributions range widely across the arts and sciences, examining objects and texts, professions and performances, concepts and practices. The book considers subjects such as spirited matter, the conceits of nature, and crafty devices, investigating the ways in which wit acted in and upon the material world through skill and technique. Contributors ask how ingenuity informed the "maker's knowledge" tradition, where the perilous borderline between the genius of invention and disingenuous fraud was drawn, and what were the ambitions of material ingenuity in a rapidly globalizing world.
"A rich treasure chamber full of carefully crafted gems of scholarship, this collection brings together abundant and original evidence that concepts of ingenuity in early modern Europe had as much to do with the making and materials of art as with the excellence of intellect."
Pamela H. Smith
"All essays are paragons of erudition. All of them are very learned and a
pleasure to read."
Technology & Culture
The Places of Early Modern Criticism
Oxford University Press, 2021
Edited with Gavin Alexander and Emma Gilby
This book brings together scholars working in departments of English, modern languages, and art history to look at the many different places of early modern criticism. It argues polemically for the necessity of looking afresh at the scope of criticism, and at what happens on its margins; and for interrogating our own critical practices and disciplinary methods by investigating their history.
Descartes and the Ingenium. The Embodied Soul in Cartesianism
Edited with Raphaële Garrod
This volume calls for a wholesale reassessment of Cartesian dualism by envisaging Descartes’s philosophy from the perspective of the ingenium. Reading Descartes as a philosopher of early modern ingenuity means highlighting his lasting anthropological and ethical outlook on human beings--as creaturely wholes rather than as mind-body philosophical constructs. The book reinterprets Cartesian method as the practical cultivation of one’s wit rather than as a theory of knowledge. Envisaged from the perspective of the ingenium, Descartes's philosophy is no longer a set of abstract norms, but a sort of "how-to" guide to good thinking.
The Worlds of Oronce Fine: Mathematics, Instruments and Print in Renaissance France Shaun Tyas, 2009
Oronce Fine was one of the most prolific mathematicians of sixteenth-century Europe and is a much understudied figure, until now. This volume examines afresh Fine’s life and work in Renaissance mathematics. From the role of mathematics in natural philosophy to the practical uses of instruments, from teaching mathemetics to map-making, the book charts this remarkable polymath’s position in the flourishing arts and sciences of his age.
"This book, brilliantly edited by Alexander Marr...provides a particularly interesting and useful insight into the development of Renaissance mathematical culture in Europe, including mathematical cartography."
"This volume employs a diverse set of approaches to elucidate an important and poorly understood intellectual life, an excellent contribution to intellectual history."
Intellectual History Review
Curiosity and Wonder from the Renaissance to the Enlightenment, edited with R.J.W. Evans Ashgate, 2006
This volume investigates the various manifestations of, and relationships between, 'curiosity' and 'wonder' from the 16th to the 18th centuries. From instances of curiosity in New World exploration to the natural wonders of 18th-century Italy, Curiosity and Wonder from the Renaissance to the Enlightenment locates its subjects in a broad geographical and disciplinary terrain. Taken together, the essays presented here construct a detailed picture of two complex themes, demonstrating the extent to which both have been transformed and reconstituted, often with dramatic results.
"The book opens with Alexander Marr's beautifully lucid essay on the state of the research in this area...This shift of emphasis from objects to subjects suggested by this book may have profound implications for the study of collections"
Journal for the History of Collections
Locus genii: Placing Genius in
Roger de Piles's Criticism
The Places of Early Modern Criticism
An account of Roger de Piles's 'invention' of genius in his critical writings,
with particular reference to the art of Peter Paul Rubens.
21: Inquiries into Art, History, and the Visual
Edited with Christopher P. Heuer
Includes articles by Elizabeth Petcu, Christine Goettler, Alexander Marr and Richard J. Oosterhoff, Christopher P. Heuer, and Christopher Johnson
Elizabethan and Jacobean Miniature Paintings in Context
British Art Studies
Edited with Catharine MacLeod, forthcoming 2020
Articles on English Renaissance miniatures by Christina J. Faraday, Karin Leonhard, Alexander Marr, Catharine MacLeod, Will Aslet, Ed Town, Christine Slottved Kimbriel and Paola Ricciardi, and Polly Saltmarh
Curiously Drawn: Early Modern Science as a Visual Pursuit
Huntington Library Quarterly
Essays on the visual culture of the early Royal Society by Nico Bertoloni Meli, Lorraine Daston, Paula Findlen, Nathan Flis, Matthew C. Hunter, Urs Leu, Scott Mandelbrote, and Kim Sloan
Early Modern Invention
Intellectual History Review
Edited with Vera Keller, includes essays on invention from the Middle Ages to the seventeenth century by Paul Binski, Richard Oosterhoff, Fabian Kraemer, Susanna Berger, Sean Roberts, Frances Gage, Marius Buning, and Michael Cole
Picturing Collections in Early Modern Europe
Intellectual History Review
Articles on the "pictures of collections" genre by Arthur J. DiFuria, Sven Dupré, Alexander Marr, Frances Gage, Alexander Wragge-Morley, Charles M. Peterson, and Angela Fischel